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Vivitar 285HV Review | Rapid Gear Review

By Pye Jirsa on November 26th 2013

Portable Off-Camera Flash

Portable off-camera flash photography has become incredibly popular among professionals, enthusiasts, and amateur photographers. Budget friendly manual flashes are in high demand, and now many photography gear companies have a product available for this market.

For years one of the most popular budget off-camera flashes was the Vivitar 285HV. These speedlights were once heralded as one of the best manual workhorse strobes that you could buy. They were tough, durable, and cheap! This manual flash was first released by Vivitar back in the early 70’s, and now Vivitar has re-issued the 285HV, but are they as good as the originals?

Vivitar 285HV Flash Review

The Vivitar 285HV Review

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Vivitar Specifications

  • Guide No.120′ (37 m) ISO 100 @ 50mm
  • Zoom Flash Head: 28 mm – 105 mm (Full Frame)
  • Angle of Coverage: 70° – 27°
  • Recycle Time: Approximately 4.8 – 10.4 seconds
  • 4 Auto f/Stops
  • Thyristor Battery Saving Circuit
  • Built-In Vari-Power Control
  • Accepts Variety of Power Sources

Vivitar Reliability and Vivitar Customer Service

We purchased 12 of these units just over a year ago for our studio. Since then, we have already sent 8 of them back for repair. Some of the users in our studio were so frustrated with the Vivitars that they went back to using old Nikon speed lights which proved to be far more reliable, although they are more expensive.

Given that I don’t really mind on-site trouble shooting, and since I have so many of these flashes now, I still use the Vivitars on my shoots, I simply take 2-3 backups just in-case. On the point of reliability, when you do have issues, you are required to get in touch with Vivitar, which is another issue entirely.

Getting a hold of Vivitar and getting these units replaced was challenging and extremely time consuming. After getting a hold of Vivitar and sending in the broken units it took around 4-6 weeks to get our new replacement units.

Vivitar Power Settings and Vivitar Recycle Time

The flash unit only has 4 power settings. Full power, 1/2 power, 1/4 power and 1/16 power. This makes it much more cumbersome when you need lower flash intensity options because you will need to attach neutral density gels to adjust the output. For example, you can attach a neutral density gel if you need to cut down light from 1/16 to 1/32 or 1/64. While this is okay for most purposes, those that need to run 1/32 or 1/64 power for high speed flash photography will need to look elsewhere since you will always be limited to the 1/16th power flash.

Vivitar 285HV Flash Power

Another issue is that the full power flash-to-flash recycle times are incredibly long when compared to modern flashes. In our experience it takes about 7-10 seconds between full powered flashes for it to fully recycle, depending on the type of battery used. Once recycled, the LED indicator on the back side will blink. The Vivitar 285HV also has a super high pitched recycle sound that goes along with the LED indicator. It is fairly audible and can be quite annoying if several units are used on a quiet set.

Problems With Vivitar’s Size

It is worth noting that the flash head is significantly over-sized when compared to a modern flash. Most of your lighting modifiers that are designed to fit a standard Canon or Nikon Flash won’t fit over this unit. This can also present an issue when using speed-ring adapters or other objects designed to fit around a modern flash head. When we were using our Profoto RFi Softboxes we found it difficult to mount multiple Vivitar 285HVs because of the size of the flash head.

Vivitar 285HV flash size

Controls and Sync Options

When it comes to controls, everything on the Vivitar 285HV is manual, and everything is designed from the 1970’s. The power control and settings are in a manual dial which clicks into place when turned. The zoom is controlled by pulling the flash head in and out.

To sync up to a radio trigger, you will need to buy a sync cord because none are included with the flash. The Vivitar uses an old school PC-31 sync cord which is actually quite sharp, so be careful. Once it has been connected to the Vivitar, they are incredibly difficult to remove, so we leave the cords attached to the Vivitars.

Vivitar 285HV Sync Cord

Build Quality

Regarding the build quality, the entire unit is made of a hard plastic, including the hotshoe. This makes the hotshoe prone to breaking when compared to metal hot shoe flashes. I highly recommend that when moving the flash from location to location, you take it off the stand. If left on the stand, there is a good chance it will bend and break the plastic feet.

Vivitar 285HV Hot Shoe

Vivitar 285HV Cons

  • Unreliable
  • Terrible Customer Service
  • Lowest Flash Power Setting is 1/16
  • Long Recycle Times
  • Bulky Head
  • Plastic Construction

Conclusion for Vivitar Review

It is really difficult to give the Vivitar 285HV anything better than 2 stars. It isn’t super reliable, they don’t have great customer service, there’s not a lot of options when controlling flash intensity, and it has a painfully slow full power recycle. The only redeeming quality is their price, at around $80 they are a very inexpensive manual flash option, and when they are working, they work well.

We had incredibly high hopes for this flash, unfortunately, they didn’t deliver. In addition, we have tested tons of other inexpensive manual flashes (including Yongnuo and other Chinese-made manual flashes) and all of them have left us quite unsatisfied. So at this time, we still don’t have a good budget flash recommendation. We use old Nikons, but they are getting increasingly difficult to find, and are also quite expensive. An old and used Nikon speedlight will cost between $100-$200 depending on the model.

So, if you have a recommendation on an inexpensive sub $100 manual flash that you think is reliable, let us know. We will buy it, test it, and tell you what we think.


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Founding Partner of Lin and Jirsa Photography and SLR Lounge.

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Q&A Discussions

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  1. Jim Greaves

    Tips for using the “newer” 285HV. Do NOT use rechargeable batteries UNLESS you are also using AC adapter. They warn that they may quickly destroy internal electronics, and are only for the “functions” other than flash – the AC charges the capacitor. BE SURE, if you use the adapter, to NOT follow the instructions as they must have been translated from ancient Mandarin. BE SURE the flash’s “on-off” switch is in the OFF position, after having inserted a pack of batteries, and BEFORE attaching the AC adapter. Flash turned off, THEN attach adapter to it. Then turn it on. Of course this ruins mobile photography for those who need this unit for that purpose.

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  2. Jim Greaves

    I’ve been using 285HV since they first came out. Unfortunately, the more recent crop have been a bit under par from what I had become accustomed. Knowing that they fail MUCH earlier (one of my older ones failed after about 15 years and I needed to replace it – the first replacement lasted 2 yrs under same conditions of use), I bought 2 from B&H last year (2013). The first one failed in less than a day – would not fire after charging – I’d used if for fewer than 100 frames off camera via sych cord on Nikon D3100, using only battery power. I have the AC adapter, and after figuring out the instructions for use that came with it were wrong, I have had good luck with the second unit. B&H refunded the cost + shipping for the failed one. I will likely NOT buy ANY Vivitar product again, as their customer service is as noted slow and/or simply unresponsive. I’d asked several years ago about repairing a unit and got zero response. Guess it isn’t worth it to them to fix a unit once sold. Now that they are made in China, I suspect they use silk instead of metal for internal wires. I DO NOT RECOMMEND THIS UNIT TO ANYONE except those who might have a fixed location for shooting birds outdoors, that does not require rapid discharge, and to which an AC adapter may be attached – if you can still obtain same. From Thompson Falls MT.

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  3. timarts

    have you tried these TT520’s? they’re under different brands like Neewer, CD-R King (philippines), but I think they’re all made by GODOX. Another shop here in the philippines sells them as Photozuela C600.

    What I like about this flash are:
    – they’re cheap less than $40 a piece
    – has an external battery port (which I am yet to try)
    – a PC sync port and 2 optical slave modes
    – Full to 1/128 power
    – Metal hotshoe with screwlock
    – ~2.4 sec recycle time @ full power

    What I don’t like about it:
    – Recycle time @ full power drops to ~12.5 secs after 20 continuous full power flashes
    – it’s about 2/3-stop weaker than my SB-910
    – no front ready light or beep to signal that the flash is ready
    – it goes to sleep after about 15mins if not triggered and it can’t be turned off

    So far they’re ok as off-camera flashes because they’re really cheap, I currently have two of these and I trigger them using Yongnuo RF-603.

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  4. thgh

    yongnuo flashes are surprisingly well made and reliable although they were really cheap.

    i have one yn560II, it’s all manual flash but with LCD. that flash is really well built, had no complaints on it.

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  5. Charles de Jesus

    I highly recommend the yong nuo 560 version iii. Version i was a pain because of its button layout and I stuck with lumopros. But after trying out the new version iiis, I no longer need anything else. They are easier to use and I can get 8 for the price of one of my sb910s. Only reason I buy nikon brand is Ttl. Otherwise yong nuo is the way to go.

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  6. Andrew Miller

    I can’t believe you think Yonguno isn’t value for money in this category. They are cheap, standard size units that mimic perfectly the actions of the OEM units.

    Andrew Miller

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    • Anthony Thurston

      I have and use Yonguo speedlights myself. Granted I do not use them in the same way that Pye and the guys and Lin & Jirsa do. It is also possible that they have not tested out the latest versions.

      That said, I use them and I love them. Never had an issue and always work great.

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    • Pye

      We have always had issues with the units we received for testing in firing consistently. However, we are happy to take another look at them. Last time we tested YongNuo flashes was about 12-18 months ago, so perhaps things have changed.

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  7. Peter Mills

    I have had very good results using some rather inexpensive and easy to use remote flashes ( 2 flash units for $120 US) and wireless trigger kit ( a measly $36 US). I will list them below:


    The flash units have a “sound” button which makes the recharge audible which is probably my favorite feature. I have yet to replace the batteries in the wireless units. The main transmitter works as a handheld trigger which I use to adjust my lighting angle, direction and intensity on set up. I would be interested to see your review of these.

    Happy Shooting!

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    • Francesco Meloni

      i second that, Yongnuo units are even cheaper (or at least the same price) and I have yet to experience a serious drawback, especially for the price!

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  8. Tyler

    Don’t buy Nikon Flashes, buy Yongnuou!!!!

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  9. Mark G

    Bummer to hear about the reliability and poor customer service for these flashes. I’m curious as to what types of failures you’ve experienced with the Vivitar 285. I’m sorry that I don’t have a recommendation for you. When I do use a flash, I tend to use either a Nikon SB400 (on camera) or my Novatron studio lights.

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  10. Facundo Luzardo

    Any Yongnuo would do! Heck, you can even get a TTL one for under 100 bucks!!!
    Just because they don’t sell them at B&H does not mean they are not worth it! Haha

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