In-Camera Settings for RAW Outdoor Photography – Picture Styles & Picture Controls
Nature and Landscape photographers who always shoot RAW might never think about changing their in-camera picture style / picture control settings, since all of the options (sharpening, contrast, etc.) will disappear in most RAW editing programs such as Adobe Lightroom and Bridge.
In other words why would you want to “mess up” your camera’s contrast and colors? Aren’t the default settings the best way to gauge your exposure, white balance, etc? Not necessarily, especially for an outdoor photographer who shoots RAW and needs to frequently push the envelope of dynamic range while pursuing their artistic vision and maintaining accurate color reproduction.
For an overview of how you can maximize your exposures and better visualize your artistic vision for a scene, watch the video and then keep reading below!
What are Picture Styles?
A Picture Style (or Picture Control, on Nikon) is a set of in-camera processing options that affect how your images will look on the back of your camera. Of course if you shoot JPG or record video, then these settings are all FINAL and cannot be un-done later. So be careful! However if you shoot RAW these in-camera settings can be changed later without harming your image quality.
In-camera picture controls usually include some or all of the following settings:
In addition to those specific settings, there are also some main options:
Each of these main settings has its own sub-options for the sharpening, contrast, etc. This gives a photographer complete control over the “look” of their images. In my opinion, there are two major reasons to use picture styles / controls, even if you are a RAW-shooting photographer:
Camera LCD Accuracy
The pursuit of technical perfection is part of what drives us. It’s okay to admit it! Many photographers are also engineers or architects or other mechanically-minded folks, and to us this pursuit is both entertaining and satisfying.
I’m not talking about pixel-peepers who photograph brick walls all day, though. While there is a time and place for that, I’m talking about true, “in-the-field” methods and techniques that give us better results.
I’ll quit beating around the bush: your camera LCD can “lie” to you a little bit. Especially as a RAW shooter, because what the camera LCD is showing you is the in-camera JPG processing. The in-camera picture style, and any contrast or saturation adjustments, will cause your shadows and highlights to be inaccurate. Usually this means that shadows look too deep and dark, or highlights blow out / “blink” sooner than they really should.
To get the best possible exposures in very dynamic settings, (It could save you from having to bracket and perform time-consuming HDR processing!) try this: Use a neutral picture control in-camera, and maybe even turn the contrast down towards its lowest setting! You’ll get a much more flat image on the back of the camera, but at least your highlights and shadows won’t “lie” to you as much.
Depending on which camera you have you may also have access to things like “Active D-Lighting”, (a Nikon feature) …or “Auto Lighting Optimizer” or “Highlight Tone Priority”. (which are Canon features) These features all work differently depending on the camera you have, so you’ll want to test them out very extensively before actually trusting them in the field. However I have gotten very good results from Nikon’s “Active D-Lighting” function over the past few years. Check out a demonstration below!
Improving Your Creative Vision
Okay, now let’s throw technical accuracy out the window for a second, and talk about the FUN way to play with your in-camera processing! Some of you may feel like this is amateurish or silly, but I actually really enjoy using the in-camera settings to boost my contrast, saturation, …or sometimes even play around with in-camera B&W images! Of course I only do this in situations where things like dynamic range are very manageable, but when the time is right it can really help me get “in the zone”.
Simply put, I feel that it helps me to envision my final result from an artistic standpoint. Plus, it’s fun!
Demonstration of In-Camera Picture Styles
In-Camera Image Using “Vivid” Picture Style and High Contrast
In-Camera Image Using Active D-Lighting and Negative Contrast
Raw, Un-Edited NEF Image in Adobe Lightroom 5 – EWW!
Raw, Edited Image processed using the SLR Lounge Preset System
Conclusion and Recommendations
As you can see above, adjusting the in-camera settings for contrast and dynamic range really helped me envision my final result! In fact after I recorded the above video, I actually ended up masking in a tiny bit of the sunrise from the in-camera JPG onto the RAW image, because I liked the subtle tones and colors so much!
So, I highly recommend at least experimenting with your camera a little bit. Here are a few final tips:
- Experiment with different exposures, to see just how far you can push your highlights in post-production before they begin to look “weird”
- Experiment with different picture styles to see which colors you like the best, for which environments.
- Test your camera’s ability to recover shadows, and try to find an in-camera picture style that best represents the amount of dynamic range you are comfortable with processing safely in post-production.
- Always, always, always remember to undo any drastic adjustments, before shooting anything other than RAW images! If you shoot JPG or video, you could ruin those if you’re not careful. Personally, I create completely separate picture controls / picture styles for every different environment / image format I might use.
We’ll have many more tutorials coming soon that expand on how to use the different picture styles to your advantage, and even how to custom-design a picture style or in-camera curve for your camera! For now, here are a couple more images created using in-camera processing taylored to the final result. Enjoy!
In-Camera Processing: Vivid, With Added Contrast & Saturation
Raw, Un-Edited NEF Image in Adobe Lightroom 5
Final image, processed in Lightroom using the SLR Lounge Preset System
In-Camera Processing: Monochrome with Added Contrast
Final image, processed in Lightroom using the SLR Lounge Preset System
(Click HERE to view a larger version!)
Thanks so much for tuning in and take care!
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