How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO | Transcription
In this video, we want to go through and actually show everybody how to adjust our shutter speed, our aperture, our ISO on a few different cameras and also how to do a couple other basic things like switch your lenses and so forth, basically how to adjust the exposure triangle.
Remember that we’re getting into manual mode, because if you’re in any of the assistant modes, well we can only control certain functions. If we’re in Aperture Priority, all we get is the aperture. If we’re in Shutter Priority, all we get is the shutter. If we’re in Program, we get ISO and certain things, but again we want to be in manual to have full control over everything.
Canon: There’s a little button that releases the lens and then turn it counterclockwise (to your right) to remove.
Nikon: It’s reversed on Nikon. The Nikon has the same button, but then I would turn to your left (clockwise). However, when I put it on, you don’t need to press the button. You just line up the little white dots and then pop it on (Canon has red dots). Twist it until you hear that snapping lock sound.
Oftentimes when you have the lens on your camera and if you get kind of weird malfunctions, it’s because the lens isn’t sitting properly on your camera, so you probably just have to reset, maybe dust off a few of the sensors or sometimes it doesn’t click in all the way. If you don’t click it in all the way, that is very dangerous because it can actually fall off. If there’s ever a lens issue where it’s not focusing or something like that, just check to make sure it’s snapped in and everything’s in place.
Nikon: I’m going to control my shutter speed with this back dial right here, and as I go to the right, you’re going to see the shutter speed increasing in speed. As I go to the left, it is decreasing in speed.
Canon: I have the dial up top over by my shutter release, and again now shutter speed is measurements of time. You’ll see a fraction, so 1/800 is pretty fast. Then I can go the other way to slowing down to maybe 1/5 of a second.
One quick note, generally these functions are going to move at default at about 1/3 of a stop. You can actually change it in the menu, basically an advanced menu, it’ll allow you to change how you want these adjustments to move. If you want them in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 or so forth. I just keep it default. I like having more options basically, so the aperture’s the same way.
Speaking of aperture, let’s move on to aperture right now. On this lens I have the 35 mm 1.8. the widest it can get is 1.8. Currently it’s set to F2, so at 2.0. what I can do on my Nikon is I have a little button right the top right here, and it’s kind of hard to see, but there’s a little aperture icon there. What I have to do is hold this button down. While it’s being held down, that’s when I can adjust my aperture. I’m going to hold that with my right hand and we’ll just adjust with the left. If I go to the left side, it goes wider. This is 1.8. that’s the widest it can go, and as I go to the right, it stops down and gets smaller and smaller. It gives me this nice little graphical display as it shows my aperture closing down letting less light in.
For Canon, it has the same icon, however, mine also says Av on it for aperture. As I hold that button down and I turn my dial, you’ll see, and actually we’re looking for the F number and that’s your aperture.
Now ISO is going to be a little bit different. These are basic entry level cameras, and so there are less dials on them. One of the reasons to get more advanced cameras is to have more dials, more functionality which makes it quicker to adjust things. Rather than holding multiple buttons down we’re just adjusting with an individual button.
Nikon: I’m going to bring my little D-pad over to the ISO sensitivity. I can adjust up and down, so to go to 200 ISO, I can go to 1/3 increments as well.
Canon: Using the ISO button and I can do my adjustment that way or I can pick the ISO on my screen.
Okay, that’s it for the basics. Now, let’s go ahead, and I’m going to show you guys an advanced mirror-less camera. This is the Sony A7R. It gives you more functionality. It makes things a little bit quicker to access, so for my shutter speed I have a dial right here in the back. It’s a thumb dial that will adjust shutter speed. You guys can see as I go up and down, it adjusts me shutter speed. Also I have a dial right at the top. This is going to adjust my aperture up and down. I also have this dial in the back, and this will adjust my ISO up and down. It makes it very, very quick to basically move from these different functions. Our 5D Mark III’s, they’re the same way. The more advanced the camera, the more they kind of make these functions accessible to you, but with a basic DSLR they’re trying to kind of keep things simple, keep the buttons to a minimalistic approach so it doesn’t look so overwhelming.
But that’s the thing, right? All 3 different cameras, they all have an adjustment, icon, button, dial for aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. Yeah, sometimes it might be a different location. Sometimes you might have to jump into a menu to access certain things, but they are there. Okay, that’s it. Be sure at this point if you don’t know how to adjust it on your camera, say a point and shoot that isn’t like what we just showed or if you have a different model that isn’t what we showed, well just go ahead and pick up your manual and just check out how to adjust your aperture, your shutter speed, and your ISO manually in your camera. That way you guys know going forward.
CHAPTER 1: BASIC PHOTOGRAPHY CONCEPTS
- 1.1 – Photography 101 Trailer
- 1.2 – The Workshop Format
- 1.3 – The Camera is Simply a Tool
- 1.4 – How Does a Camera Work
- 1.5 – How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO
- 1.6 – Exposure Triangle
- 1.7 – Exercise: Practice Adjusting Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO
- 1.8 – What is a Stop of Light
- 1.9 – Reading Exposure via the Histogram
- 1.10 – Blown Highlights or Clipped Details
- 1.11 – 6 Tips to Understanding White Balance and Color Temperature
- 1.12 – Assignment: Histogram and Highlight Alert Practice
- 1.13 – Assignment: Mixed Lighting
- 1.14 – Quiz on Chapter 1: Basic Photography Concepts
CHAPTER 2: UNDERSTANDING EXPOSURE
- 2.1 – No Such Thing as the Correct Exposure
- 2.2 – How to Measure or Meter Light
- 2.3 – 8 Key Points to Understanding ISO and Image Quality
- 2.4 – Exercise | Understanding ISO
- 2.5 – Understanding the 3 Primary Metering Modes
- 2.6 – How to Get Perfect Exposures in One Shot
- 2.7 – Assignment: Portrait Using Spot Metering
- 2.8 – Equivalent Exposure but Different Images
- 2.9 – Compensating for Light and Dark Scenes
- 2.10 – Quiz on Chapter 2: Understanding Exposure
CHAPTER 3: FROM AUTO MODES TO MANUAL
- 3.1 – Starting with Automated Modes
- 3.2 – Auto Mode and Flash-Off Mode
- 3.3 – Exercise: From Auto Modes to Manual
- 3.4 – Portrait Mode on a Fashion Shoot
- 3.5 – Assignment: Outdoor Back-lit Portrait
- 3.6 – Landscape Mode on the Beach
- 3.7 – Assignment: Long Exposure
- 3.8 – Sports or Action Mode/a>
- 3.9 – Assignment | Sports or Action Shot
- 3.10 – Macro Mode with Food Photography
- 3.11 – Assignment | Food Photography
- 3.12 – Creative Effects Mode – Floral Photography
- 3.13 – Exercise | Creative Auto Modes
- 3.14 – In-Camera Processing
- 3.15 – Exercise | Pictures Styles and Picture Control
- 3.16 – A Glimpse Into Raw Processing
- 3.17 – Quiz on Chapter 3: From Auto Modes to Manual
CHAPTER 4: SHARP IMAGES AND FOCUSING TECHNIQUES
- 4.1 – AI Servo with Action Shots
- 4.2 – 15 Tips for When You’re Having Trouble Focusing Your Camera/a>
- 4.3 – 3 Primary Types of Autofocus
- 4.4 – Single Shot with Portrait Session
- 4.5 – Assignment: One Shot Focusing Mode for a Sharp Portrait
- 4.5 – Landscape Mode on the Beach
- 4.6 – Single Shot with Action Shots
- 4.7 – Assignment | Focus Recomposing and AF Selection
- 4.8 – Focus Recomposing vs AF Point Selection
- 4.9 – Assignment | Focus Recomposing and AF Selection
- 4.10 – Shutter Speed and the Reciprocal Rule
- 4.11 – How to Hold a Camera and Panning Tutorial
- 3.13 – Exercise | Creative Auto Modes
- 4.12 – Assignment | Panning
- 4.13- Quiz on Chapter 4: Sharp Images and Focusing Techniques
Chapter 5: COMPOSITION, ARTISTRY, AND CREATING GREAT IMAGES
- 5.1 – How to Find the Right Light Direction
- 5.2 What Makes a Great Photograph
- 5.3 How to Capture Candid Moments
- 5.4. Assignment | Candid Moments
- 5.5 Assignment | Flattering Cast Natual Light
- 5.6 Basic Compositional Theories
- 5.7 Assignment | Symmetry
- 5.8. Assignment | Leading Lines
- 5.9 Assignment | Rules of Thirds
- 5.10 Assignment | Triangles and Geometry
- 5.11– Assignment | Negative Space
- 5.12 – The Power of Cropping
- 5.13 Color Schemes
- 5.14 Assignment | Color Schemes
- 5.15 Diving into the Narrative
- 5.16 Assignment | The Narrative
- 5.17 If It’s not Working With, It’s Probably Working Against
- 5.18 Quiz on Chapter 5: Composition Artistry and Creating Great Images
Chapter 6: LEARNING MORE ABOUT YOUR CAMERA
- 6.1 10 Tips on Buying Gear
- 6.2 More About Your Camera and Lenses
- 6.3 Understanding Megapixels
- 6.4 Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras
- 6.5 Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras Demonstration
- 6.6 Prime vs. Zoom Lens
- 6.7 How the Lens Affects Composition
- 6.8 Exercise | Lens Compression
- 6.9 RAW vs. JPEG | The Ultimate Visual Guide
- 6.10 5 Tips on Memory Cards
- 6.11 Quiz on Chapter 6: Learning More About Your Camera
Chapter 7: BONUS
- 7.1 Posing and Action Shots with Female Model
- 7.2 Posing and Lighting with Female Model/a>
- 7.3 Posing and Lighting Couple Portraits
Total Course Run Time: 6H 30M 21S